Type 1 Diabetes can occur when you are younger

type 1 diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes since it occurs mostly on young adults, but new study have proven that is not the case. Type 1 diabetes can occur throughout the first 60 years of life, according to newly published data from the UK Biobank.

The investigators determined that onset for 42% of the type 1 cases occurred among individuals ages 31 to 60, while 58% were diagnosed prior to age 30 years. Type 1 diabetes accounted for just 4% of all diabetes cases diagnosed among the adults aged 31 to 60 years, however, meaning it is hard for doctors to pick out those individuals.

Nicholas J Thomas, MRCP, of the Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom, and colleagues noted that type 1 diabetes is not for the young anymore as it could occur even in older people.

And the clinical characteristics of type 1 diabetes among those aged 31 to 60 were similar to those of younger people: They had lower average body mass indexes than type 2 diabetes patients and they progressed rapidly to insulin treatment and had an increased risk for diabetic ketoacidosis.

Based on the findings, doctors who treat individual should be on high alerts against type 1 diabetes. “Generally be suspicious if tablets fail to improve glucose and symptoms in the first year so they end up on insulin.…The best clue is that they go onto insulin within a year as oral agents fail, especially if they are slim or normal weight,” principal investigator Dr Andrew T Hattersley told Medscape Medical News.

The findings from the full UK biobank cohort were published November 28 in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology by Dr Thomas and colleagues; they had previously reported data from a smaller number of individuals in the database in September 2016 at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) 2016 Annual Meeting.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Bed-wetting in children who previously didn’t wet the bed during the night
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Irritability and other mood changes
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision

If you are experiencing any of these, better see your doctor as you need to know about it immediately since it is harder to control than type 2 diabetes.

Sources: Medcape, Mayoclinic